Chitwan forms a contiguous patch of forest due to proximity with Parsa National Park both in Nepal and Valmiki Tiger Reserve the in India. Thus a large protected area is formed in the inner Terai regions at the foothills of Himalayas.
The region was a hunter’s paradise during the earlier period and a large number of predators and herbivores were mercilessly shot down. With notification of the forests as National Park the rot was stemmed albeit sporadic poaching incidences are still being reported.
One Horned Rhino is one of charismatic species found in the park along with the tiger, sloth bear, wild elephants, leopard, gaur, axis deer, sambar, four horned antelope, barking deer, wild boar, grey langur and rhesus macaque. Among the esoteric species confined to the Indo Chinese region are the spotted linsang, yellow throated martin and the rare clouded leopard. A large number of mammals big and small thrive in the forests of Chitwan National Park these are the fishing and leopard cats, golden jackals, hyena, crab eating mongoose, flying squirrels, hispid hare, pangolin and civets.
A tourist’s safari experience at Chitwan is not limited to mammals but includes enchanting and exotic species of birds which abound in the National Park. A record number of 450 plus species have been listed here and they include Gould’s sunbird, Bengal florican, swamp francolins bar headed geese, slaty breasted rail, slender billed vulture, black chinned yuhina, white backed vulture, eastern Imperial eagle to name a few.
The Narayani River system is home to myriad species of fish, turles, water snakes and the mugger. The park flora comprises of Himalayan subtropical broad leaf forests. The prominent species is Sal (Shorea Robusta) besides chir pine and rosewood. World’s tallest grass found here is preferred by wild elephants and rhinos.
Area: 952.63 sq.km
Winter: 5 deg C
Summers: 36 deg C Max.
How to reach?
Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal and is connected by air to New Delhi. From Kathmandu Chitwan is at a distance of 150 km approx via Sauraha. Suaraha can be accessed from Varanasi vio Gorkahpur in Northern India.
Travel Documents: ID proof of Indian citizenship.
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